Autonomous mobility 1, 2018

Declaration of Amsterdam

European Union


EU Member States


Legal harmonization, interoperability,


The Amsterdam Declaration was signed in April 2016 by 28 European Member States. The objectives of the declaration are to work towards:
  • “a coherent European framework for the deployment of interoperable connected and automated driving, which should be available, if possible, by 2019;

  • to bring together developments of connected and automated driving in order to reach their full potential to improve road safety, human health, traffic flows, and to reduce the environmental impact of road transport;

  • to adopt a “learning by experience” approach, including, where possible, cross-border cooperation, sharing and expanding knowledge on connected and automated driving and to develop practical guidelines to ensure interoperability of systems and services;

  • to support further innovation in connected and automated vehicle technologies to strengthen the global market position of European industry; and to ensure data protection and privacy.”

  • [/ul]
    The parties agree to develop a joint agenda that would include several key elements, such as coherent international, European and national rules (legal harmonisation), clarification about the availability of data for private and public uses, while ensuring privacy and data protection. In addition, the joint agenda would address vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communication to ensure that new services and systems are compatible and interoperable at European level and to coordinate investments towards reliable communication coverage. In relation to security, the development common trust models and certification policies is put forward. Further, the agenda should formulate steps to manage societal expectations, to raise awareness and increase acceptance and appreciation of connected and automated vehicle technologies; develop common definitions of connected and automated driving systems based on SAE levels as a starting point and develop and maintain close cooperation with other regions, particularly the US and Japan, to work towards a global framework and international standards.
    Concrete actions for Member States, the EU Commission and industry have also been identified.
    Member states should work to adapt national regulations by identifying and removing legal barriers to testing and deployment of AVs. Member states were also encouraged to exchange best practices, especially around the testing of AVs under various circumstances. Updating the Vienna and Geneva Conventions on Road Traffic will be an essential step going forward.
    According to the Declaration, the European Commission should review and adapt the EU regulatory framework, and capitalise on a joint learning process. The Join Agenda also advocated the development of a coordinated effort towards research and innovation in the field of AVs.
    The Declaration invited industry actors to participate in the development of the EU strategy and to help identify barriers to development, as well as to continue working on V2V and V2I systems and standards.

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