AI in general 1, 2017

Task Force on Artificial Intelligence



The Ministry of Commerce and Industry


Transparency, Safety, Labour market, Bias,


The Task Force was set up in August 2017 to provide recommendations on how to leverage AI for India’s economic benefit, to advise on the creation of policy and a legal framework to accelerate deployment of AI technologies and to craft concrete 5-year horizon recommendations for specific government, industry and research programs.
The Task Force had 18 members comprised of AI entrepreneurs, scientists and government officials. It formulated 6 concrete suggestions for the next 5 years:

  1. Establish an Inter-Ministerial National Artificial Intelligence Mission to:
  2. create and seed fund 6 centres of excellence

  3. set up a generic AI test bed to serve as a validation platform for AI developers

  4. set up an interdisciplinary data centre to aggregate and interpret the generated data

  5. coordinate with relevant ministries to accelerate AI commercialization

  6. raise awareness of AU through talent competitions

  7. conduct surveys for data collection

  8. Manage challenge funds

  9. [/ul]

  10. Create data banks, marketplaces and exchanges for cross-industry data availability for AI applications and craft the appropriate data sharing regulations

  11. Create standards for the design and development of AI systems

  12. Put in place measures to boost AI development, including data sharing policies and tax incentives

  13. Support the creation of AI-based curricula, education, re-skilling

  14. Leverage international relationships and participate in international standard setting activities

The report has a brief section on the responsible use of AI, which highlights the need for AI systems to be explainable, engineered for safety and rigorously audited to exclude human biases and prejudices. According to the Task Force, legal provisions applying to natural or legal persons as users of AI should apply mutatis mutandis to machines, however, it acknowledges that specific liability provisions will have to be worked out. It should also be transparent to users whenever they are dealing with an AI system, and the performance of such systems must be auditable, and test and evaluation data should be shared with users. The Task Force calls on AI researchers to have their proposals evaluated by independent ethics panels, but no similar requirement is raised in relation to commercial or government AI projects. The Task Force calls for new standards on robotics to be developed and states that complete autonomy should not be given to weapons systems. The Government should supper interdisciplinary work on AI-human interaction to plan for various scenarios and create appropriate transition plans to deal with possible scenarios.

AI Governance

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